Scheduled Monuments- Full Report

Summary Description of a Scheduled Monument

Reference Number
Caer Bach  
Date of Designation


Unitary Authority

Broad Class
Site Type


Summary Description and Reason for Designation
The following provides a general description of the Scheduled Monument. A well preserved small fort overlooking the Conwy valley. It is situated on a spur which ends in a rounded knoll on the W side of Tal y Fan. The knoll is encircled by two lines of defences, an outer earthen bank with external ditch, and an inner wall. The outer defences are most marked on the N and W, on the other sides they merge into the natural scarp. At its most pronounced the bank is 4m above the bottom of the ditch, and 2m above the interior. The ditch is 0.5m deep from outside. On the S side there is a counterscarp bank. The top of the knoll forms a flat area, and the internal defensive wall runs around the perimeter of this area. Only the foundations remain of a massive wall 4.5m wide. The entrance was on the E, a track runs through the outer defences and then turns a right angle to run through a simple 3m wide entrance into the interior. The interior is a roughly circular area 38m across. It is very rocky, but the outline of one round hut can be made out against the NE inner wall. There are two long huts built against the outer ramparts, one on the NE side and one on the SW side. A round hut lies 2-3m away from the ditch on the W side. A number of other house platforms and settlement sites lie in the area, with associated field systems connecting up with the settlements by Maen y Bardd. The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric settlement. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. The structures themselves may be expected to contain archaeological information concerning chronology and building techniques. The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.  

Cadw : Scheduled Monuments- Full Report [ Records 1 of 1 ]