Full Report for Listed Buildings

Summary Description of a Listed Buildings

Reference Number
Building Number
Date of Designation
Date of Amendment
Name of Property
Parish Church of Saint Mary and Saint Bodfan  


Unitary Authority
Street Side
On a striking site overlooking the sea to the W of the slightly elevated main road; in a large graveyard behind rubble walls, accessed via a stone gabled lychgate.  


Broad Class
Religious, Ritual and Funerary  

The site was established for christian worship already in the 6th century by St. Bodfan. The present structure is early C13, and in transitional/Early English style, though the chancel is a remodelling of an earlier one, as evidenced by 2 blocked window openings on the S side. It was apparently built by Hywel ap Meredith ap Cynan, Lord of Ardudwy. The church was restored under the Reverend John Jones 1858- 60, at which date a Transitional style porch and a vestry were added, and the W end heavily buttressed and provided with a bellcote.  

Rubble-built against the slope of the hill with yellow sandstone dressings and slate roofs. 2-cell rectangular plan with aisled nave and single-storey chancel. Parapeted, stone-coped gables with simple kneelers, those to E with C19 stone crosses; C19 gabled bellcote to W gable. 4 original clerestory lancets to both N and S sides of nave; single-storey aisles with 2 lancets and, on the N side, a continuous roll-moulded, pointed-arched entrance with C19 boarded door and decorative ironwork. Large C19 S porch with steeply-pitched coped gable and buttressing to L and R of triple-moulded entrance arch. This rises from triangular corbels,which taper downwards to short shafts terminating in moulded conical bases. Within the porch the original S entrance: an extremely fine and elaborate pointed arched entrance consisting of 4-tiered compound piers carrying similar compound voussoirs; primitive foliate capitals with simple necking and bases. C19 wooden doors with decorative ironwork. The W end is battered and has a continuous roll-moulded string course and 3 steeply gabled buttresses, all C19 work. 2 tall original lancets. The chancel is stepped-down and is excavated into the slope of the hill; rubble gable parapet with C19 cross-finial. The chancel has been extended E-wards in the early C13. 3 tall lancets to S side, of which 2 are recent replacements and to R, a replacement of an original2-light window with cusped heads. Pronounced weather coursing atjunction with nave. The E lancet is modern. Single-storey C19 catslidevestry, parapeted and kneelered, with a Romanesque style cylindricaldecorative chimney to the NW corner; conical capping and arched vents.2 further C13 lancets to N side chancel.  

5-bay nave arcade with triple-moulded Gothic arches carried on stout cylindrical columns. Some of these have primitive petalled capitals, whilst others have more developed, though contemporary trefoil stiff-leafed forms; all have moulded octagonal abaci andsimple roll-moulded necking and bases. Mid C15 roof with alternating arched-braced collar trusses and queen-strut trusses; 2 tiers of curved windbraces. C15 octagonal stone font with blind quatrefoil panels and one foliate and one figurative panel; plain octagonal column and moulded base. Slate-slab floor. C19 figurative glass in Decorated style to clerestory windows and W end lancets. C19 oak pews with blind tracery bench-ends. C19 semi-octagonal stone pulpit in simple transitional style on a tiered base. Wide chancel arch with compound shafts and transitional foliate capitals; plain necking and bases. 4-bay chancel, raised up above nave floor. Good late C15 roof (with C19 restorations); the 3 W bays are of arched-braced collar type, cusped to create quatrefoils and trefoils and with 2 tiers of triple-cusped windbraces. Brattishing to wall plates (crenellated), partly renewed in C19 on N side. The E bay has a late C15 compartmented waggon roof, heavily restored; carved rose bosses and 3 complex blind tracey tiers; modern polychromy. Simple C19 piscina on N wall together with a shouldered-arched entrance to vestry. C19 tiles to altar platform. Fine, continously double-moulded E lancet with original relief-sculpted cross beneath. Further C19 glass to chancel windows. Early C20 panelled reredos in Celtic Arts and Crafts style; designed by John Batten in memmory ofMiles Leonard Davies and carved by Mary Batten, Ada Ridley and NorahBennett. Dedicated April 23rd 1911.  

Reason for designation
Included at grade I as a highly important transitional church with good surviving detail of the C13 and C15.  

Cadw : Full Report for Listed Buildings [ Records 1 of 1 ]